2017-18 Catalog

Biological Sciences (BIOS)

Courses

BIOS 010 Bioscience in the 21st Century 4 Credits

A multidisciplinary survey of advances in bioscience. Exploration of themebased topics (e.g., infectious diseases, cancer, genomebase medicine, engineered biomedical systems) coupled with social/ethical considerations. Three lectures per week. Participation in online multidisciplinary discussion, writing assignments, field trips, and/or other activities.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 041 Biology Core I: Cellular and Molecular 3 Credits

Basic building blocks and higherorder structures required for cellular processes. Topics include the character of membranes, the molecular/cellular basis of energy production, cell cycle progression, DNA replication, gene expression, signal transduction, and cell division.
Prerequisites: CHM 075 or CHM 025 or CHM 030 or CHM 040
Can be taken Concurrently: CHM 075, CHM 025, CHM 030, CHM 040
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 042 Biology Core I: Cellular and Molecular Lab 1 Credit

Techniques and experiments related to the principal topics covered in BIOS 041; emphasis on experimental design and scientific communication.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 041
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 043 Phage Hunting Laboratory 2 Credits

The first laboratory research course in a two-semester series (as part of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's SEA-PHAGES Program) that focuses on the isolation (from local soil), as well as the physical and genomic characterization of novel bacteriophages that infect mycobacteria. Course will substitute for BIOS 42. Application and acceptance into Lehigh's SEA program required (see www.lehigh.edu/~insea); freshman status in the spring semester or permission of the instructor. Co-requisite: BIOS 41 or instructor permission.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 041
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 115 Biology Core II: Genetics 3 Credits

The structure, function, and continuity of hereditary information. Classical genetic analysis. Molecular biology of genes and genomes. Population genetics and evolution. Genetics of complex traits.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 116 Biology Core II: Genetics Laboratory 1 Credit

Introduction to model organisms; techniques used in molecular genetics; experimental design and scientific communication.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 118 Phage Genetics Laboratory 2 Credits

Part of a 2-semester series focusing on genetic analysis of novel bacteriophage genomes to determine gene function using recombineering strategies. Phage genome annotation using bioinformatics for previously sequenced phage genomes. Additional genetics, molecular biology, and/or biochemical research on previously isolated bacteriophages may also be included.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 115
Corequisites: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 121 Biology Core III: Integrative & Comparative Biology 3 Credits

Experimental and historical approaches to the analysis of structural and functional properties in organisms. Use of scientific method to study species diversity. Introduction to the analysis of organismal attributes that explain behavioral repertoire and ecological relationships. Prerequisites: BIOS 41 and 42.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041 and BIOS 042
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 122 Biology Core III: Integrative and Comparative Lab 1 Credit

Experiments and discussions related to the topics covered in BIOS 121; emphasis on experimental design and scientific communication.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 121
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 130 (MATH 130) Biostatistics 4 Credits

Elements of statistics and probability theory with emphasis on biological applications. Statistical analysis of experimental and observational data.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041 and MATH 052 or MATH 022
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 161 Supervised Research 1-3 Credits

Apprenticeship in ongoing faculty research program. Literature review, experimental design, data collection and analysis, and professional writing under faculty sponsor supervision. Only 3 credits can be counted toward any life science major. Consent of instructor required.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 041
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 202 Biomedical Externship 1-3 Credits

Analysis of individualized experiences at external biomedical clinical or research sites. Limited enrollment. May not be taken for passfail grading. May not be used to satisfy any life science major or minor requirement. Consent of department chair required.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 234 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 Credits

A course in vertebrate zoology with emphasis on the study of homologous body structures in the various vertebrate classes and their relationship to the functional demands of habit and environment in each class. Detailed dissections of representative vertebrates are made in the laboratory. Two lectures and two laboratory periods.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 or BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 235 Human Physiology 4 Credits

Movement, digestion, respiration, circulation and excretion. Sensory systems, hormonal and electrical signal transduction, reproduction.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 241 Vertebrate Natural History 4 Credits

An introduction to the ecology, behavior, distribution and evolution of vertebrates, with emphasis on the North American fauna. Two lectures, one tutorial and one laboratory and field trip. This course may be used to fulfill junior writing requirements with the permission of the instructor.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 or BIOS 116 or BIOS 121 or BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 251 Writing and Biological Sciences 3 Credits

A course designed to acquaint students with some of the intellectual foundations of science, with attention to the distinctiveness of the biological sciences. Format includes readings, intensive writing, extemporaneous speaking, and discussion. May not be used to fulfill Biology B.A. elective requirements.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 261 Special Topics in Biological Sciences 1-3 Credits

Research, conferences and reports on selected topics not covered in the general undergraduate offerings. Consent of instructor required.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 262 Research Proposal 3 Credits

Literature and methods of research in area of department faculty expertise. Requires development of detailed proposal for research to be performed in senior year. Must have major in any biological sciences degree program, junior standing, GPA of 3.0 in major, and consent of department.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 276 Central Nervous System and Behavior 3 Credits

Neuronanatomy and neurophysiology of animal and human behavior. Feeding, thirst, sleep, emotions, learning, and psychopathology.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 277 Experimental Neuroscience Laboratory 2 Credits

Structure and function of the mammalian brain with special attention to cellular morphology and organization. Widely used histological and behavioral techniques to determine how the shape and function of the nervous system regulates behavior. Experimental design, hypothesis testing, statistical analysis, reading and writing of scientific papers, basic histology and imaging.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 278 Neurophysiology Laboratory 2 Credits

The functional electrical underpinnings of the nervous system explored through direct recordings and thorough data analyses. Experimental design, hypothesis testing, numerical analysis, reading and writing of primary science.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 279 Experimental Molecular Neuroscience Laboratory 2 Credits

Inquiry-based lab course emphasizing molecular and cellular neuroscience approaches to understanding the nervous system. Opportunity for making real research discoveries on the genetic and cellular underpinnings of brain function. Molecular genetic, bioinformatic, and neurochemical techniques. Can be taken more than once with instructor approval.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 300 Apprentice Teaching 1-4 Credits

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 313 Vertebrate Histology 4 Credits

Microstructural and ultrastructural properties of vertebrate cells and tissues. Techniques of tissue preparation. Two lectures and two labs.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116 and BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: ND, NS

BIOS 314 Vertebrate Development 4 Credits

Germ cell formation, fertilization, early development, and the origin of the principal organ systems. Location, structure, and regulation of information from molecular to organismal levels of organization.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116 and (BIOS 120 or (BIOS 121 and BIOS 122), )
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 315 Neuropharmacology 3 Credits

Mechanisms of drug action in the central nervous system. Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics. Depressant, stimulants, analgesics, and psychedelics. Treatments for neuropsychiatric disorders. Drug abuse.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 317 Evolution 3 Credits

Mechanisms of evolution, emphasizing genetic structure and variation of populations, and isolation. Origin of species and higher taxa. Rates of evolution, extinction.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 318 Advanced Phage Research Laboratory 1-3 Credits

Apprentice-based laboratory research in phage biology in collaboration with faculty who direct Lehigh's SEA Phages Program (sponsored by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute). Research will focus on discoveries uncovered in SEA Phage courses and may include genetic, molecular, and biochemical analyses of novel bacteriophage genes, genomes, and novel gene functions. Additional research may include phage genome annotation using computational biology tools.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 118
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 320 (ENTP 320) The Business of Life Science 3 Credits

An examination of business process in startup, early stage and developing bioscience companies. Technology assessment, business plan and proposal preparation, financial strategies, resource management, intellectual property, and legal as well as regulatory issues. Cannot be used to fulfill major or minor requirements in Biological Sciences.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 323 Evolution of Development 3 Credits

This course examines how changes in the blueprint that describes the development of a multicellular animal from a single fertilized egg lead to the evolution of new species or new forms within a species.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317 or BIOS 376 or BIOS 327
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 317, BIOS 376, BIOS 327

BIOS 324 Microbiology 3 Credits

An examination of microbial life, including archaea, bacteria, fungi, protists and viruses. Emphasis on microbial molecular genetics and its relationship to the origin of life, human health/medicine, and the environment.
Prerequisites: CHM 110 and BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 325 Microbiology Laboratory 2 Credits

Laboratory studies of microorganisms, focusing on bacteria and fungi. Techniques for isolating, culturing, and identifying microorganisms. Experiments in microbial molecular genetics, phylogenetics, and evolution using traditional and modern techniques, as well as other topics covered in BIOS 324.
Prerequisites: BIOS 324
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 326 Coevolution 3 Credits

Discussion-based seminar course covering readings from the primary literature. Course will examine evolutionary consequences of species interactions, interactions between the sexes, and genetic interactions. Topics will include predator-prey interactions, host-parasite interactions, sexual conflict, genomic conflict, mutualism, and more. Consequences of coevolution for biodiversity and human health will also be examined.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 327 Development and Disease 3 Credits

Development of organs from precursor cells; diseases that impact organ function. Focus on understanding how mutations or other causes influence organ development and function. Combination lecture and primary literature.
Prerequisites: BIOS 376
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 328 Immunology 3 Credits

Distinction of "self" and "nonself" through humoral and cellular mechanisms. Antigens; biochemical structures, cellular mechanisms, genetic control and processing, phylogenetic distribution, diseased states.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 329 Herpetology 3 Credits

Biology of amphibians and reptiles. Two lectures, one laboratory or field trip per week.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116 and (BIOS 120 or (BIOS 121 and BIOS 122), )
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 330 Molecular Evolution 3 Credits

This course will focus on evolution at the level of individual genes, proteins, and genomes, alternating between lecture and discussion of papers from the recent primary literature. Topics include pathways for adaptive evolution, directionality in evolution, epistasis, evolvability, genome rearrangements and speciation, gene duplication, and evolutionary dynamics. We will draw on examples of molecular evolution in nature, laboratory model systems, and human pathogens.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317 or BIOS 345
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 317, BIOS 345
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 332 Behavioral Neuroanatomy 3 Credits

The study of neuroanatomy that underlies social and motivated behaviors and the techniques that support this study. Students learn by researching and reporting on original research, and ultimately designing and describing an original study on the topic.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 334 Species and Speciation 3 Credits

Consideration of the origin of species. Discussion of a variety of "species" definitions and exploration of the evolutionary mechanisms by which new species arise. Alternation between lecture and discussion, drawing on the textbook and on current and classical literature.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317

BIOS 335 (PSYC 335) Animal Behavior 3 Credits

Discussion of the behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates and analysis of the physiological mechanisms responsible for behavioral stimuli, and adaptive value of specific behavior patterns.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 336 Animal Behavior Laboratory 2 Credits

Experiments and field observations illustrating principles discussed in BIOS 335. Emphasis on observing animals, performing experiments, collecting and analyzing data, and individual research. Six hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: BIOS 335 or BIOS 337
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 335, BIOS 337
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 337 Behavioral Ecology 3 Credits

Social systems of vertebrate and invertebrate groups. Emphasis on ecological and evolutionary factors that influence social behavior.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 340 Molecular Basis of Disease 3 Credits

Lectures and student projects on molecular mechanisms of human disease. Physiology of disease, molecular mechanisms, therapeutic approaches, ongoing research. Topics include: neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 342 Cellular Basis of Human Disease 3 Credits

Cell and molecular biological advanced topics relevant to human disease and/or health. Critical reading of the primary literature, discussion and student discussion required.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367 or BIOS 411
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 345 Molecular Genetics 3 Credits

The organization and replication of genetic material; mutagenesis; mechanisms of regulation; mechanisms of gene transmission involving prokaryotes and eukaryotes and their viruses; techniques for intervention into genetic organization and expression.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 346 Molecular Genetics Laboratory 2 Credits

Laboratory experiments related to the topics covered in BIOS 345. Emphasis is on molecular characterization of DNA and the principles of gene isolation and transfer.
Prerequisites: BIOS 345
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 345
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 347 Advanced Topics in Genetics 3 Credits

Lectures and student projects on selected aspects of genetics such as the genetics and evolution of particular organisms, regulation of gene expression and transmission, human genetics, gene therapy, etc. Consent of department chair.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 365 Neurobiology of Sensory Systems 3 Credits

The fundamental features of sensory systems in a diverse array of animals. Focus on how nervous systems detect, compute, and internally represent aspects of the environment from the single cell to whole system level. Special attention to the way sensory processing influences how we think about the biological basis of perception and possible mechanisms for consciousness. Instructor permission required.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 366 Diseases of the Nervous System 3 Credits

Neurobiological basis of CNS disorders, including affective, neurological and psychotic conditions. Emphasis on primary literature covering causes, diagnostic and treatment issues.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276 or BIOS 382
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 367 Cell Biology 3 Credits

Molecular aspects of cell biology. Emphasis on membrane structure and function, organelle biogenesis, cell motility, the cytoskeleton, and extracellular matrix.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 368 Cell Biology Laboratory 2 Credits

Basic methods used in cell biology laboratories around the world and the opportunity to carry out an independent research project. Techniques include histology and microscopy (both white and fluorescent light), tissue culture and sterile procedures, cellular fractionation, nuclear import assays, and immunological probing. Consent of department required.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 367
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 369 Comparative Physiology of Vertebrate Systems 3-4 Credits

Functional analysis of energy balance in vertebrate animal models. Digestion, respiration, circulation, and excretion, across aquatic and terrestrial vertebrates. Homeostatic mechanisms of salt, water, and gas exchange. Ionotropic and metabotropic signal transduction. Hormonal and electrical cellular communication among muscles, glands, and neurons. Sensory systems, movement and reproduction. Physiological adaptations to extreme environments. When offered for 4 credits, the course includes one laboratory meeting per week.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121 and BIOS 122
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 371 (CHM 371) Elements of Biochemistry I 3 Credits

A general study of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and other biological substances and their importance in life processes. Protein and enzyme chemistry are emphasized. Must have completed one year of organic chemistry.
Prerequisites: CHM 031 and CHM 112
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 372 (CHM 372) Elements of Biochemistry II 3 Credits

Dynamic aspects of biochemistry; enzyme reactions including energetics, kinetics and mechanisms; metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids; photosynthesis, electron transport mechanisms, coupled reactions, phosphorylations, and the synthesis of biological macromolecules.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 371 or CHM 371) and (BIOS 041)
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 374 Sex Determination and Differentiation 3 Credits

An examination of the primary scientific literature on how sex is conferred to a zygote. Hormonal and non-hormonal mechanisms of sexual differentiation. Neural correlates of sex, gender, and sexual orientation.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367 or BIOS 371 or BIOS 382
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 375 Methods in Developmental Biology Lab 2 Credits

Detection of gene expression and protein expression in vivo or in vitro. Mutants and/or transgenics examined. Students address research questions of instructor.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 376 Developmental Biology 3 Credits

Differentiation of multicellular organisms from a single cell. Axis determination; gradients; induction and pattern formation viewed through modern analysis of regulated gene expression. Lecture topics on organ formation paired with discussions on birth defects and human diseases.
Prerequisites: BIOS 115 and BIOS 116
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 377 (CHM 377) Biochemistry Laboratory 3 Credits

Laboratory studies of the properties of chemicals of biological origin and the influence of chemical and physical factors on these properties. Laboratory techniques used for the isolation and identification of biochemicals.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 371 or CHM 371) and (BIOS 041)
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 371, CHM 371
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 378 Biochemical Preparations 1-3 Credits

A laboratory course involving the preparation or isolation, purification and identification of chemicals of biological origin.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 377 or CHM 377) and (BIOS 372 or CHM 372)
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 380 (BIOE 380) Molecular and Cellular Biophysics 3-4 Credits

Physical principles of biomolecular and cellular organization. Biomolecular interaction and regonition, molecular motors, physical organization and functioning of cellular membranes, electrical signaling in live cells. Modern techniques in biophysics: X-ray analysis, molecular spectroscopy,molecular modeling, fluorescence imaging, electrophysiology, electron microscopy.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 115) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021)

BIOS 381 Physical Biochemistry 3 Credits

Topics include: thermodynamics of biological systems; Forces acting on and between biological molecules; Principles of macromolecular structure; Physical methods used to characterize biomolecules; and other topics to be determined.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 371 or CHM 371) and (BIOS 041)
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 382 (PSYC 382) Endocrinology of Behavior 3 Credits

Hormonal effects upon animal and human behavior. Emphasis on neuroendocrinology of steroid hormone involvement in reproductive behaviors.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 383 Biological Sciences Colloquia 1 Credit

Analysis of weekly colloquia in the biological sciences.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 121
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 384 Eukaryotic Signal Transduction 3 Credits

Signal transduction between cells of multicellular eukaryotic organisms examined in the context of specialized functions that include: nutrition, hormones and neurotransmitters, vision, muscle contraction, adhesion, and the immune system. The evolution of cancer based on mutations in these signaling systems.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367 or BIOS 372 or CHM 372 or BIOS 382 or BIOS 365

BIOS 385 Synapses, Plasticity and Learning 3 Credits

Communication between neurons. Physiology of synaptic transmission; varying forms of neuronal plasticity; acquisition, encoding, and retrieval of memory.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 386 Genes and the Brain 3 Credits

Modern molecular genetics techniques applied to complex brain processes. Emphasis on DNA and RNA manipulation strategies to elucidate mechanisms of complex behaviors. Animal models of learning, behavioral plasticity, and neuropsychiatric diseases.
Prerequisites: BIOS 276
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 387 Biological Sciences Honors Seminar 1 Credit

Development, presentation and implementation of research proposals, and discussions of research. Required for senior biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and behavioral neuroscience majors pursuing departmental honors. Departmental permission required.
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 388 Biological Sciences Honors Seminar 1 Credit

Continuation and extension of BIOS 387. Departmental permission required.
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 389 Honors Project 1-6 Credits

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 391 Undergraduate Research 1-3 Credits

Laboratory research under tutorial with a faculty member. Must have junior standing. Consent of instructor required.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 393 Thesis 3 Credits

Literature review and design of project in selected area, execution of the project, final report and presentation. Consent of department required. Intended for senior majors in BIOS only. Consent of instructor required.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Attribute/Distribution: ND

BIOS 401 Professional Skills for Biological Sciences Graduate Students 3 Credits

Students learn expectations and fundamental skills related to success in the biological sciences. The course is designed to help students make the most out of their graduate education. Students learn the principles underlying fundable, publishable research, and how these general principles can be applied to their specific research area. They learn to write and review manuscripts and grant proposals by serving on a mock editorial board and scientific review panel. They gain experience in giving oral presentations. Readings are from texts on scientific writing and research styles, and from original journal articles and grant proposals written by the faculty. Required of all Integrative Biology graduate students.

BIOS 404 (PSYC 404) Behavioral Neuroscience 3 Credits

Theoretical and empirical issues in biopsychology. Must have graduate standing.

BIOS 405 Special Topics in Molecular Biology 1-3 Credits

Research, conferences, and reports on selected topics not covered in the general graduate offerings.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 406 Biological Sciences Seminar 1 Credit

An advanced seminar in current developments including departmental research. Required for candidates for graduate degrees in molecular biology.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 407 Research in Biological Science 1-9 Credits

Laboratory investigations in one of the department's research areas.

BIOS 408 Responsible Conduct of Science 0 Credits

Responsible practice in research. Training in general laboratory methods; human subjects concerns; radiation safety; chemical hazards; aseptic technique; physical, mechanical, biological, and fire hazards; animal welfare. Occupational and workplace considerations. Recombinant DNA guidelines; patent and proprietary rights; controversies over applications of science. Appropriate aspects required of investigators in all departmental research projects.

BIOS 409 Evolutionary and Functional Morphology 3 Credits

Readings in the current literature, demonstrations and laboratory exercises exploring the applications of comparative methods to the analysis of evolutionary patterns at a range of morphological levels (molecular and macroscopic). Students will also learn experimental approaches to testing relationships between form and function in vertebrates. Emphasis will be on the musculoskeletal and nervous systems.

BIOS 410 Special Topics in Behavioral and Evolutionary Bioscience 1-3 Credits

Readings and discussions on selected topics not covered in the general graduate offerings.

BIOS 411 Advanced Cell Biology 3 Credits

Cell structure and biochemistry, as related to specialized cell functions.

BIOS 412 Metabolic Influences on Behavior 3 Credits

Sensory systems that detect metabolic energy availability and affect the behavior of humans and other animals: food intake and body weight regulation, sexual and parental behavior, aggression, learning, and body temperature regulation.

BIOS 414 Sexual Differentiation 3 Credits

Genetic and hormonal events mediating the development and expression of sexual dimorphisms in physiology and behavior. Current theoretical models; emphasis on biochemical, neuroanatomical and molecular biological considerations.

BIOS 415 Synapses, Plasticity and Learning 3 Credits

Communication between neurons. Physiology of synaptic transmission; varying forms of neuronal plasticity; acquisition, encoding and retrieval of memory.

BIOS 420 Pheromonal Communication 3 Credits

Mechanisms of pheromone synthesis, biochemistry, sensory transduction, neuroanatomy/neuroendocrinology, and adaptive significance.

BIOS 421 Molecular Cell Biology I 3 Credits

Molecular aspects of cell structure, cell motility, intracellular transport; and biomembrane dynamics.
Prerequisites: BIOS 411

BIOS 422 Molecular Cell Biology II 3 Credits

Molecular aspects of gene expression, including genome structure and replication, RNA synthesis/processing, and protein synthesis.
Prerequisites: BIOS 345

BIOS 423 Evolution of Development 3 Credits

This course examines how changes in the blueprint that describes the development of a multicellular animal from a single fertilized egg lead to the evolution of new species or new forms within a species.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317 or BIOS 376 or BIOS 327
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 317, BIOS 376, BIOS 327

BIOS 424 Advanced Neurobiology of Sensory Systems 3 Credits

This course is designed to provide an overview of core principles of neuroscience through exploration of sensory systems. The course will provide an intensive review of fundamental neural signaling followed by a broad introduction to the major sensory pathways. Focus will be on major organizing principles of neural systems, and information processing. Student discussions and presentations will incorporate current literature and concepts.

BIOS 426 Coevolution 3 Credits

Discussion-based seminar course covering readings from the primary literature. Course will examine evolutionary consequences of species interactions, interactions between the sexes, and genetic interactions. Topics will include predator-prey interactions, host-parasite interactions, sexual conflict, genomic conflict, mutualism, and more. Consequences of coevolution for biodiversity and human health will also be examined.

BIOS 427 Techniques in Cell and Molecular Biology 1-3 Credits

Laboratory experiences in three or more cell and molecular biological techniques: gel electrophoresis of nucleic acids/proteins; polymerase chain reaction; DNA/RNA sequencing; molecular hybridization techniques; fluorescence microscopy; confocal microscopy; flow cytometry; electron microscopy tissue preparation; immunological detection methods; molecular cloning techniques; oocyte microinjection techniques; tissue culture methods; and autoradiography.

BIOS 428 Molecular Evolution 3 Credits

Evolution at the level of individual genes, proteins, and genomes. Lectures and discussion of papers from the recent primary literature. Topics include pathways for adaptive evolution, directionality in evolution, epistasis, evolvability, genome rearrangements and speciation, gene duplication, and evolutionary dynamics. Examples of molecular evolution in nature, laboratory model systems, and human pathogens.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317 or BIOS 345
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 317, BIOS 345

BIOS 429 Advances in Herpetology 3 Credits

Lectures and readings from the primary literature on current research in amphibian and reptilian biology. Two lectures, one discussion session and one laboratory or field trip. Not open to students who have received credit for BIOS 329.

BIOS 431 Advanced Topics in Cell Biology 3 Credits

Current research problems in cell biology.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367 or BIOS 367 or BIOS 411

BIOS 432 Advanced Topics in Molecular Genetics 3 Credits

Current research in molecular genetics.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 433 Advanced Topics in Developmental Biology 3 Credits

Current research problems in developmental biology.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.
Prerequisites: BIOS 345 or BIOS 345

BIOS 434 Speciation 3 Credits

Discussion-based seminar course covering readings from classical and current literature, including both theoretical and empirical contributions. Topics will be included species concepts, reproductive isloation, mechanisms and modes of speciation, and current approaches to studying speciation.

BIOS 437 (CHM 437) Pathophysiological Chemistry 3 Credits

Biochemical basis of human diseases involving abnormal metabolism of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Emphasis on the correlation of the clinical presentation of disease processes seen as physiological dysfunctions with clinical laboratory methods. Lectures, student presentations, and clinical case discussions. Consent of department required.

BIOS 439 Advanced Behavioral Ecology 3 Credits

Critical evaluation of the theoretical foundation in sociobiology. Emphasis placed on kinship, altruism, mate choice, parental investment, parent-offspring conflict, etc. Lectures and seminars. Not open to students who have taken BIOS 337.
Prerequisites: BIOS 317 or BIOS 317

BIOS 442 Cellular Basis of Human Disease 3 Credits

Cell and molecular biological advanced topics relevant to human disease and/or health. Critical reading of the primary literature, discussion and student discussion required.
Prerequisites: BIOS 367 or BIOS 411

BIOS 445 Systematics and Evolution 3 Credits

Theoretical, philosophical and methodological foundations of the classification of eukaryotic organisms and the manner in which systematic theory and method relate to evolutionary theory. Two lectures and one lab/recitation/discussion session.

BIOS 450 Developmental Neurobiology 3 Credits

Fundamental mechanisms underlying neural development. Early events leading to the induction of the neuroectoderm and the reorganization of the vertebrate central nervous system during adulthood and aging. Major developmental events such as phenotype commitment, cell migration, differentiation and growth cone guidance. Emphasis on the interplay between concepts emerging from organismal and molecular levels of analyses.

BIOS 453 General Neuroanatomy 3 Credits

Graduate level study of the neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of systems that underlie behavior in vertebrates. Emphasis will be on the traditional and novel methodologies used to reveal neuroanatomical pathways as well as the function of these pathways. Consent of department required.

BIOS 457 Advanced Behavioral Neuroendocrinology 3 Credits

A seminar course that covers current primary literature on the hormone-nervous system interactions that underlie physiology and behavior. The course covers the neuroendocrinology of reproduction, sex behavior, parental behavior, social behavior, agonistic and territorial behavior, learning and memory, homeostasis (caloric, nutritional, water and salt balance, temperature regulation), circadian rhythms and seasonality in a variety of vertebrates.

BIOS 464 Molecular Biology of Eukaryotic Organisms 3 Credits

Comparative analysis of several eukaryotes as model systems in cell biology, developmental biology, genetics, and molecular biology.

BIOS 466 Structure and Function of RNAs and Ribonucleoprotein Complexes 3 Credits

Biochemistry and function of small nuclear RNPs, RNase P, ribosomes, self-splicing introns, signal recognition particle, RNA viruses. Functions of RNA in DNA replication, in regulation, as an enzyme, and as a repressor.

BIOS 467 (CHM 467) Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure 3 Credits

An examination of the principles underlying nucleic acid structure including stereochemistry, electrostatics, hydration, torsional constraints, sequence specific effects, and interaction with nuclear proteins. Special emphasis will be placed on DNA structure. Must have completed one year of biochemistry and one year of physical chemistry or consent of department required.

BIOS 468 (CHM 468) Principles of Protein Structure 3 Credits

An examination of the principles underlying protein structure including stereochemistry, preferred tertiary structures, protein homology, excluded volume effects, time dependent structural fluctuations, and prediction of protein structure from sequence information. Must have completed one year of biochemistry and one year of physical chemistry or consent of department required.

BIOS 469 (CHM 469) Biochemical Problem Solving I 1 Credit

Applications of material covered in BIOS 371 or CHM 371 including techniques used in research.

BIOS 470 (CHM 470) Biochemical Problem Solving II 1 Credit

Applications of concepts covered in BIOS 372 or CHM 372 including techniques used in research.

BIOS 471 Eukaryotic Signal Transduction 3 Credits

Signal transduction between and within cells of multicellular organisms examined in the context of specialized functions that include: nutrition, hormones and neurotransmitters, vision, muscle contraction, adhesion and the immune system. The evolution of cancer based on mutations in these signaling systems. Lecture, discussion, and student presentations.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 372 or CHM 372 or BIOS 411)

BIOS 472 (CHM 472) Lipids and Membranes 3 Credits

Structure, physical properties and functions of lipids and their biological aggregates. Techniques for studying lipid assemblies, enzymes which act on lipids, membrane proteins and lipoproteins will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: BIOS 372 or CHM 372

BIOS 477 (CHM 477) Topics in Biochemistry 1-3 Credits

Selected areas of biochemistry, such as mechanisms of enzyme action, new developments in the chemistry of lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and protiens.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 479 (CHM 479) Biochemical Techniques 3 Credits

Laboratory studies of the techniques and principles involved in the isolation, identification, and biochemical transformation of carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins.
Prerequisites: (BIOS 371)
Can be taken Concurrently: BIOS 371

BIOS 480 (CHM 480) Advanced Biochemical Preparations 1-3 Credits

An advanced laboratory course in the preparation, isolation, purification, and identification of biochemically produced materials. Emphasis is placed on materials and procedures of current interest in biochemistry. Consent of department required.

BIOS 483 Special Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience 3 Credits

Examination of the biological substrates of behavior. Topics may include animal communication, sociobiology, behavioral endocrinology, or behavior genetics.
Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 486 Genes and the Brain 3 Credits

Modern molecular genetics techniques applied to complex brain processes. Emphasis on DNA and RNA manipulation strategies to elucidate mechanisms of complex behaviors. Animal models of learning, behavioral plasticity, and neuropsychiatric diseases.
Attribute/Distribution: NS

BIOS 488 Seminar in Neuroscience, Behavior, and Evolution 1 Credit

Advanced seminar in current research developments.

BIOS 490 Thesis 1-6 Credits

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.

BIOS 499 Dissertation 1-15 Credits