2018-19 Catalog

Military Science

The Department of Military Science, established in 1919, conducts the Army Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) program at Lehigh University. This is one of the oldest ROTC programs in the nation. The Army ROTC program provides a means for students to qualify for a commission as an officer in the Active Army, Army Reserve, or Army National Guard.


The objectives of the military science program are to develop leadership and management ability in each student; to provide a basic understanding of the Army’s history, philosophy, organization, responsibilities, and role in American society; and to develop fundamental professional knowledge and skills associated with officership. These objectives are achieved through classroom instruction, leadership laboratories, realistic training scenarios, exposure to Army doctrine, professional development, leadership simulations, and individual assessment and counseling. Army ROTC offers a four-year program and a two-year program. The four-year program consists of a two-year basic course and a two-year advanced course. The two-year program consists of the two-year advanced course offered to students with previous military experience, and those who have successfully completed the four-week ROTC  Cadet Initial Entry Training.  Basic course students incur no obligation for service in the Army as a result of taking these courses.

Basic Course

The basic course, normally taken in the freshman and sophomore years, provides training and instruction in leadership, public speaking, and basic military subjects, such as the Army’s role and organizational structure, history and philosophy of the Army, basic tactics, land navigation, first aid, group dynamics, and leadership traits and characteristics. Basic course students incur no military obligation and is only available to freshman and sophomore students.

Advanced Course

The advanced course is normally taken in the junior and senior years. The instruction includes management, military skills, advanced leadership and tactics, logistics, administration, military law, ethics, and professionalism, and includes attendance at the ROTC Cadet Leadership Course (CLC). Students receive subsistence pay during their junior and senior years.

To enroll in the advanced course, an applicant must complete either the basic course or the four-week Cadet Initial Entry Training (CIET); or have received basic course credit for previous military experience.

Note: The Advanced course (300 and 400 level) is a requirement for Scholarship and contracted cadets only and is not offered to participating students.

Uniforms and Equipment

Uniforms are provided to contracted and scholarship cadets only. In the event of lost equipment or uniforms, students will be charged for those items not returned upon leaving the program.


Qualified students transferring from another institution may enter the ROTC program at the appropriate level and year, provided they have received the necessary credits, the recommendation of their former professor of military science (if applicable), and the approval of Cadet Command and the university. Please contact the ROTC office for details.

Obligation after Graduation

Upon graduation, a student will receive a commission as a Second Lieutenant in either the Active Army, Army Reserves, or National Guard. If offered active duty, scholarship students serve at least four years of active duty and four years of inactive ready reserve. If offered reserve duty, students normally serve eight years in a Reserve or National Guard unit.

Graduate Studies

ROTC graduates may request to delay their active service to pursue a full-time course of instruction leading to an advanced degree. The only four major areas of concentration are medical school, law school, veterinary school and seminary. Delay does not lengthen the active service obligation unless the degree is obtained at government expense.

Course Credit

Students in the College of Arts and Sciences and the College of Business and Economics may substitute military science advanced credits for six hours of electives. In the College of Engineering and Applied Science, six credits of advanced ROTC work are permissible within the normal program of each student, irrespective of curriculum. For curricula that include more than six hours of personal electives in the junior and senior years, inclusion of the more than six hours of ROTC credit with normal programs can be effected only with the approval of academic advisers. All military science credits, including those in the basic course, apply toward the student’s overall cumulative grade point average.

Career Opportunities

Individuals are commissioned as officers in the United States Army after completion of the ROTC program including the Cadet Leadership Course (CLC), and the completion of their bachelors degree requirements. They then qualify in one of seventeen branches (specialties) such as the Corps of Engineers, Infantry, Armor, Aviation, Field Artillery, Air Defense Artillery, Signal Corps, Cyber Corps, Military Intelligence, Chemical Corps, Ordnance Corps, Finance, Transportation, Military Police, Adjutant General, Quartermaster, Medical Service Corps, or Nursing. Officers work as leaders/managers, specialists, or combinations of the two depending on the assignment.

Programs and Opportunities

ROTC Scholarship Program

This program is designed to offer financial assistance to outstanding young men and women entering the ROTC program who are interested in an Army career. Scholarships provide full annual tuition, a textbook allowance, and common fees; in addition students receive subsistence pay for the period the scholarship is in effect. Three-year and two-year scholarships may be available to outstanding cadets who are currently enrolled in the ROTC program and are completing their freshman or sophomore year of college. This program is also open to all qualified students who are not currently enrolled in Army ROTC.

Four-year scholarships are open to all students entering ROTC as freshmen. Applications for scholarship must be made to Headquarters, U.S. Army Cadet Command, Fort Knox, KY by July 15th prior to the high school senior year for early selection, but no later than November 15th for normal application. You may apply on line at www.goarmy.com and follow the appropriate links. Application booklets are also available from most high school guidance offices, or may be obtained from the military science department.

Two-Year Program

Students who want to enroll in ROTC after their sophomore year may apply. Applicants must successfully complete a four-week Cadet Initial Entry Training (CIET) and have two years of undergraduate or graduate studies remaining. The student is paid for the four-week encampment and receives transportation costs to and from the camp. Additional scholarships may be available upon completion of basic camp (CIET).

Physical Facilities

Army ROTC uses areas on and adjacent to the university campus to conduct field training. These locations are excellent for most outdoor activities such as orienteering, patrolling, and survival training. Fort Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, located east of Harrisburg, Pa., and Fort Dix, NJ, located east of Philadelphia, Pa., are used for various weekend field exercises which allow cadets to apply the classroom leadership and Army doctrine in a training environment.

Off-campus U.S. Army Training Schools

Cadets may be selected to attend the following U.S. Army Schools: Airborne School (Fort Benning, Georgia), Air Assault School (Fort Campbell, Kentucky), Mountain Warfare School (Ethan Allen Training Center, Vermont), and Northern Warfare School (Fort Greely, Alaska) Combat Diver Qualification Course (Key West, Florida), Sapper Leader Course (Ft. Leonardwood, MO). This off-campus program is fully funded by the U.S. Army. Many other installations throughout the world may be visited through the Cadet Troop Leader Training program. Nursing students may choose to attend the Nurse Summer Training Program at Army hospitals located throughout the United States.

Minor in Military Science

A minor in military science is available in the College of Arts and Sciences. A minor in military science consists of a minimum of 28 credit hours beyond the basic Military Science course and is designed to provide the student with an academic foundation necessary to support continued intellectual growth and stimulate future inquiry in the realm of civil military affairs and military science. Credit hours required are distributed as follows:

Military Science
MIL 101Adaptive Team Leadership I3
MIL 102Adaptive Team Leadership II3
MIL 113Developing Adaptive Leaders3
MIL 114Leadership in a Complex World3
HIST 110American Military History4
International Relations
Select one course3-4
Written Communications
Select one course from one of the following categories:3
Creative Writing
Scientific Writing
Writing for Mass Communications
English Composition
Human Behavior
Select one course from one of the following categories:3
General Psychology
Computer Literacy
Select one course3
Total Credits28-29

Commissioning Requirements

Individuals must complete either the two- or four-year programs, attend CLC, receive a college degree, have a cumulative GPA of 2.0, and complete all professional military education requirements to become commissioned officers in the United States Army.

Course Descriptions

Leadership Laboratory is conducted for all students once a week for 60 to 90 minutes. The Leadership Laboratory provides a forum for cadets to exercise their leadership skills amongst their peers.

Instruction at several levels on a variety of subjects with military application provides the context within which students are furnished opportunities to both teach and lead in a group setting. Responsibility is expanded as the student progresses through the program. In the senior year, the students assume the responsibility for the planning, preparation and conduct of the laboratory. Leadership Laboratory is mandatory for all students enrolled in military science courses.


This is a four-week training program normally conducted at Fort Knox, KY . Prerequisites are:

  1. The completion of the basic 100 and 200 level military science courses or the equivalent which is the completion of the Cadet Initial Entry Training (CIET).
  2. Scholarship/contracted cadets must have completed all level courses up to and including the 300 level military science courses.


MIL 015 Foundations Of Officership 0,1 Credits

The American Army as an institution, its roots, history, customs and traditions and philosophy of leadership. Emphasis on development and role of a professional officer corps. Includes leadership laboratory.

MIL 016 Basic Leadership 1 Credit

Role of individual and leader within the group, leadership skills and characteristics. Emphasis on problem solving and application. Includes laboratory and FTX.

MIL 023 Individual Leadership Studies 0-2 Credits

Maps as tools in basic terrain analysis and as navigational aids and introduction to small unit tactics. Emphasis on application and field exercises at individual and small group levels. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX.

MIL 024 Leadership and Teamwork 2 Credits

Contemporary theories, traits and principles and small unit tactics development. Leadership philosophies, communications, leader-follower relationships, and leadership problem-solving. Leadership simulations. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX.

MIL 101 Adaptive Team Leadership I 0,3 Credits

Essential junior officer skills: advanced land navigation, principles of war, small unit tactical planning, tactics and techniques of the soldier, team leading techniques, oral communications and trainer skills. Emphasizes application and field experience. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX. Consent of department chair required.

MIL 102 Adaptive Team Leadership II 3 Credits

Critical examination of leadership qualities, traits and principles with emphasis on military environment. Self, peer, and instructor leadership evaluation. Advanced military skills reinforced. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX. Consent of department chair required.

MIL 113 Developing Adaptive Leaders 0,3 Credits

Role, authority and responsibility of military commanders and staff in personnel, logistics and training management. Staff procedures, problem solving, training methods and oral and written communications skills used in military organizations. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX. Consent of department chair required.

MIL 114 Leadership in a Complex World 3 Credits

Development of the Profession of Arms, its fundamental values and institutions. Ethical responsibilities of military professionals in contemporary American society. Just war theory, international law of war, and American military law. Also covered are current topics to assist cadets in making the transition to the officer corps and service on active duty or in the reserve forces. Includes leadership laboratory and FTX. Consent of department chair required.

MIL 118 Special Topics for Army Officer 1 Credit

MIL 300 Apprentice Teaching 3 Credits